Fact Sheet: 3D Manufacturing Format (3MF)

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Short description/
Transmitted information

3MF is an XML-based data format designed by the 3MF Consortium for additive manufacturing.
It is including model geometry, structure, material, color and property information.

Normative document

List of several normative documents available at Specification - 3MF Consortium

Version/ Release state


Release date

24 August 2021

Application scope
  • Data exchange
  • Collaboration

Improve data exchange in AM processes by provinding a standardized file format that can forward full digital part information.

Promoting bodies

3MF Consortium


3MF Consortium Standard

IT Standard classification
  • Interoperability Standard

  • Process Standard

Data format
  • Text Format (ASCII/XML)

  • Geometry in tesselated representation

  • Extensible with propriatary content

Additional available resources
Relevant prostep ivip project groups

Positioning of 3MF in V-Model


There are currently 16 Founding Members and 10 Associate Members within the 3MF Consortium.

The 3MF File format is not intended to be standardized by a standardization body.

Relevance and Benefit for MBSE

  • quasi industry STD
  • flexible format for all AM information

Risks and Impediments

  • Development efforts need to be split among several FMI versions, slowing down overall adoption rate of the standard
  • Users keep using older versions of the standard; therefore tool vendors have no incentive to implement newer versions for export
  • Releases of non-backward compatible versions cause transition overhead for users, slowing down the adaption of new releases
  • A simulation model using multiple FMU's from different IT tools may not leverage the full FMI capabilities if one (or more) IT tool(s) do not support all capabilities of the FMI specification. This can lead to unexpected simulation results.